The report confirms much of what we have known, sovaldi based on existing, find peer-reviewed research. For instance, 1/4 of respondents indicated they had been sexually assaulted under the term’s broadest definition (including non-consensual sexual touching/physical contact). When the term was narrowed to include only incidents when penetration occurred, the response was closer to 1 in 10.
Specific numbers vary from college to college, some considerably. However, when presented in ranges or in general, non-numerical terms, they point to a series of commonalities most likely applicable to many colleges. These are worth considering and, if possible, confirming or dispelling on your campus. Certainly, each campus is unique and will have its own variations, and its own needs. Equally important, this report is based on institutions that were neither randomly selected nor chosen to reflect a cross section of American universities.
For links to each participating university’s individual study, along with selected highlights, see “Here’s What We Learned About Sexual Assault At 27 Top Universities.”
Prevalence and Risk
- Rates of sexual assault and misconduct were highest among undergraduate females and those identifying as TGQN (Transgender, Genderqueer or non-conforming, Questioning, Not Listed).
– Among undergraduates, 11.4% of women and 14.8% of LGBTQ students experienced sexual assault involving penetration or oral sex due to a lack of affirmative consent.
– In the last academic year alone(2014/15), 6.9% of women and 9% of LGBTQ students were assaulted in this manner.
- 1/3 of women surveyed were sexually assaulted according to a broader definition, which included threats by coercion or lack of affirmative consent.
– Nearly 1/2 of these experienced non-consensual penetration.
– 11% experienced the unwanted sexual encounter during the last academic year (2014/15).
- The risk of the most serious types of sexual assault declined from freshman to senior year. This was not usually the case for other types of sexual assault and misconduct. (“Most serious” was defined as sexual assault due to physical force or incapacitation.)
- A significant percentage of assaults and other misconduct involved the use of drugs and alcohol as tactics.
- 70-80% of respondents reported they did nothing when witnessing a drunk person heading for a sexual encounter.
- 42-58% said they did nothing when witnessing someone acting in a sexually violent or harassing manner.
Perception of University Response
- Roughly half of respondents believed it was very or extremely likely that a report of sexual assault or misconduct would be investigated fairly.
- Respondents from at risk groups believed differently:
– Fewer female and TGQN respondents felt a fair investigation was likely.
– Also, fewer respondents in these groups believed officials would take the report seriously, protect the victim’s safety; or take action against the offender.
Perception of Impact and Self Knowledge
- Only a small percentage of students believed it was very or extremely likely they would experience sexual assault or misconduct.
- However, a significantly larger number believed sexual assault and misconduct were very or extremely problematic for the college or university.
- About a quarter of respondents generally believed they were knowledgeable about the resources available related to sexual assault and misconduct.
- Only about 1 in 4 students indicated they had been sexually assaulted reported their attacks to either their school or law enforcement.
- 3/4 of victims of sexual assault involving penetration did not report it to either the university or police.
- Primary reasons for not reporting were that they:
– did not consider it “serious enough,”
– feared embarrassment and emotional trauma,
– or thought nothing would be done about it.
- No college had lower than 49% of female college students reporting sexual harassment.
- 1/2 to 3/4 of LGBTQ students had experienced sexual harassment.
Intimate Partner Violence
- One in 10 students currently in a relationship had experienced intimate partner violence.
- LGBTQ students were more likely to have experienced intimate partner violence.